Friday, July 28, 2006

Maybe this is why they hate science:


A study was conducted to determine the temperature of Hell. The reasoning process used in the study is interesting because itinvolves both the knowledge and the logic with which you should
be equipped. The Bible (Rev. 21:8) tells us that Hell is a lake of fireand brimstone. What is brimstone? Brimstone is sulfur. Sulfurmust be molten (liquid phase) since the Bible says it is a lake.

From this information, we can determine the temperature of Hell. Start by looking up the melting and boiling points ofsulfur. If sulfur is present as a liquid, its temperature mustbe somewhere between sulfur's melting and boiling points. The boiling point of sulfur is 832 degrees Fahrenheit, and themelting point is 246 degrees Fahrenheit. Since Hell is eternal,it could not be at the boiling point for then it would quicklyevaporate. Most likely, Hell is about 246 degrees.

The same study also determined the temperature in Heaven. The Bible (Is. 30:26) tells us that in Heaven the light of the moon is as the light of the sun. Also, the light of the sun isseven times the light of seven days on earth. Heaven receives 50 times more light than the earth. Heavengets 49 times the amount of light from the sun relative to theearth and an additional amount of light from the moon that equalsthe amount of light we on earth receive from the sun. So, all in all, Heaven receives 50 times more light than we do on earth. Assuming that the temperature of Heaven remains constant,Heaven must also lose by radiation 50 times as much heat as doesthe earth. The Stefan-Boltzmann fourth-power radiation law predicts that Heaven must be 977 degrees Fahrenheit if it were toradiate this much heat.

Knowing that Hell could be about 750 degrees cooler thanHeaven may be a comforting thought for some of us.

Adopted from an article written by Ronald DeLorenzo appearing in Problem Solving for General Chemistry, 1993, Wm. C.Brown Publishers.


Billiam said...

Umm, most of us don't hate science. In fact, many believe that science and faith can exist together. As for your comparison, I'll assume that was tongue in cheek. The sun reference meant light, not heat.

Mark Murphy said...

Funny post!

To Billiam-
When people tell me that faith and science can exist together (or God and evolution), it just strikes me as people having their cake and eating it, too. IMO, as concepts, the relevant components of faith (believing w/o facts) and science (observation, testing, etc.) are diametrically opposed.

To Jesus is just alright with me-
I'm just going to call you Jesus, because that's easier. But yeah, sorry I didn't have your blogged linked... I simply missed it. I'll put a link up today.


JesusIsJustAlrightWithMe said...

It was definately tongue in cheek since neither heaven nor hell really exist. Probably. I think that the line that a lot of the religious right try to draw between "hating science" and "being opposed to good science" is shakey at best. Being opposed to science and it's methods, to me, is the same as hating it. And you can not believe that science anc faith can exist together without being opposed to the methods of science at some level.

Billiam said...

Of course they'll be opposed on some level. I guess maybe I'm open minded about it. Not willing to completely discount something, rather, to look more deeply into it. Faith is also a quest for knowledge. It's not as cut and dried as you seem to think it is.

JesusIsJustAlrightWithMe said...

Faith is the antithesis of a "quest for knowledge." It, by definition, assumes things that knowledge can't prove true or false. Faith is also the antithesis of "open minded." Questioning certain tenents is forbidden in most religions. I believe it's the only unforgivable sin in Christianity.

Dorshorst said...

You claim to disagree with religious believers because they accept scripture as true without rationally questioning it. Yet, you are guilty of the same thing here.

Yes, the boiling point of S is 832 F, at 1 atmosphere of pressure. Though some claim we live in Hell, the general idea was always that Hell was underground. The pressure increases as you move toward the Earth's core, and the boiling point of any substance increases with pressure.

At the inner core, the pressure is approximately 3.5 MPa. At that pressure, the iron there remains solid, even though the temperature exceeds 11,000 F. At the center, the pressure reaches 350 GPa. I was unable to find a T/P chart for Sulfer, much less one that went up to 350 GPa, but I am fairly certain the if Hell exists there, and sulfer exists at a liquid state, it would have to be well over 977 F.

Incidentally, early views thought that Hell would be extremely cold, based on the idea that God was life, warmth, and that Hell was the absence of God. Early depictions of the devil color him blue for this reason.

Anyway, the whole question is pointless unless Hell actually does physically exist, in which case I will see you there.

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